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24. Increased pulse wave velocity in patients with acutelacunar infarction

Title: Increased pulse wave velocity in patients with acute lacunar infarction doubled the risk of future ischemic stroke

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Saji N, Murotani K, Shimizu H, Uehara T, Kita Y, Toba K, Sakurai T.


The aim of this study was to determine whether pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of vascular endothelial impairment and arteriosclerosis, predicts future ischemic stroke in patients who developed acute lacunar infarction. Patients with a first-ever ischemic stroke due to acute lacunar infarction were enrolled in this study. An oscillometric device (Form PWV/ABI; Omron Colin, Tokyo, Japan) was used to measure brachial-ankle PWV 1 week after stroke onset. Patients were followed for at least 5 years. The main end point of the study was recurrent ischemic stroke. Event-free survival was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier plots and log-rank tests. The risk of recurrent ischemic stroke was estimated using the Cox proportional-hazards model. Of the 156 patients (61% male, mean age: 69.2±11.3 years) assessed in this study, 29 developed recurrent ischemic stroke. The median brachial-ankle PWV value was 20.4 m s-1. Patients with high PWV values had a greater risk of recurrent ischemic stroke than patients with low PWV values (28% vs. 15%, P=0.08). Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed that patients with high PWV values had a less favorable (that is, free of recurrent ischemic stroke) survival time (P=0.015). A multivariate Cox proportional-hazards model identified high PWV as an independent predictor of recurrent ischemic stroke after adjusting for age, sex and blood pressure (hazard ratio 2.35, 95% confidence interval, 1.02-5.70, P=0.044). In patients with acute lacunar infarction, a high PWV predicts a twofold greater risk of future ischemic stroke, independent of patient age, sex and blood pressure levels.

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